As most of the new incomers on the market of drugs, Adderall has a lot of discussions and doubtful attitudes. Until its efficiency is not properly proved on the long-term intake and a substantial number of patients, it will attribute all possible and impossible consequences. That’s a feature of everything new. When a medicine is prescribed or is taken by a person with definite problems, and somehow his problems are aggravated, or a kind of misuse happens, all negative effects are attributed to the drug.
How Adderall works
Adderall is proved to work directly on neurotransmitters of the brain. It is effective in treating ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and able to improve attention and focus. Stimulating the CNS (central nervous system), it increases the content of particular substances in your body. That leads to more frequent heart rate and a decrease in appetite. Adderall is a stimulant suppressing appetite. Adderall can be taken for other therapeutic purposes if prescribed by a doctor. Besides Adderall is used as the cognitive reaction enhancer on receptors euphoric and an aphrodisiac but mostly in nontherapeutic purposes.
Like most of the very strong stimulants which work miracles for patients, all the contraindications should be observed. Otherwise, instead of all the positive effects, you can have a hazardous result.
Can the drug kill?
For adult patients who had taken Adderall at prescribed doses, cases of sudden death have been reported for ADHD, stroke, and myocardial infarction. The role of the drug in these cases is unknown. In comparison with children, adults have a greater risk of having serious heart rhythm abnormalities, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, stroke or other cardiac problems.
It is known that any stimulant medications always cause a slight average increase in blood pressure. In some individuals, larger increases may happen. So doctors should consider monitoring all patients for larger changes in their condition. For patients with the pre-existing psychotic disorder, symptoms of hard disturbance or thought disorder caution is indicated.
To be safe while intaking Adderall you are advised to watch all side effects of the treatment and address the doctor immediately.
Side effects of Adderall
The most common side effects of are cardiovascular diseases, such as heart palpitations, and psychological, such as euphoria or anxiety. Among the listed effects were bladder pain or bloody urine, painful urination, irregular pulse, lower back pain, flu-like symptoms, cough, fever and some other less common. Some individuals complain of having a feeling of irritation, anxiety, nervousness, and insomnia. A headache, dizziness, upset stomach was noted.
Large doses of the drug are likely to worsen cognitive functions and cause rapid destruction of muscle. The serious risk of abuse of Adderall, although rarely occurred in therapeutic use, can cause even lethal consequences. Very high doses can lead to psychotic states (e.g., delusions and paranoia), which is rare at a therapeutic dosage even with prolonged use. Even when you feel light signs of an allergic reaction to Adderall, like hives; rash, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, tongue or throat you should get emergency medical assistance.
Can Adderall harm you?
Abuse of Adderall, especially among college students of 18 – 22 years old is marked to be on the rise. As National Survey on Drug Use and Health reports: 6.4 % of this age group used this drug for nonmedical purposes, and about 3 % of college students intake Adderall for just recreational purposes.
Adderall creates a feeling of euphoria when it is abused. As a member of amphetamine group this drug constricts blood vessels and raises blood pressure. There is a warning that very high doses develop a dependence on it.
The patients with cardiovascular problems should intake Adderall in very strict doses. It causes the rise of blood glucose levels and opens breathing passages. When topping abruptly, it can cause symptoms of withdrawal, fatigue, hunger, and even nightmares.
Can Adderall cause acne?
Although acne is not reported among side effects of Adderall, a lot of patients report massive fungal overgrowth. The appearance of acne can be explained by a great concentration of acid in the body and some individual cases it takes hard work for the body to get back in balance. The drug substance, together with acid (e.g., lemon juice) causes accelerated clearance DL-amphetamine, and alkaline substances (e.g., antacids) cause a marked increase in drug absorption period. Some individuals have difficulties to excrete the medication out of their body. Adderall, as an amphetamine salt is supposed to be excreted through urine.
If their urine is not acidic enough, it is unable to flush out this kind of salt in kidney and bladder. Salt is reabsorbed in the circulatory system. Taking the next dose of Adderall while the previous medication has not cleared out of the body, causes these side effects. Doctors recommend checking the PH of urine at a lab. Possibly it might help to fix the problem. Dietary modification, an increase of vitamin C intake will help to make urine more acidic.
Adderall is not recommended if you have a substance abuse history.
As far as more detailed observations are going on, some contraindications on use of Adderall are advised for persons with advanced arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, ventricular arrhythmia, symptomatic cardio disease, pre-existing severe hypertension, hypersensitivity, glaucoma, hyperthyroidism, idiosyncrasy, heart failure or recent myocardial infarction. Adderall passes into breast milk and thus affect a nursing infant. So if you are breastfeeding without doctor’s prescription do not take Adderall.
Besides, intake of double stimulants (like coffee and Adderall, which affect the patient’s brain) is not recommended by doctors. The use of some medicines in combination with Adderall is strictly observed by special charts.