Does Walmart Drug Test in 2023?

To work for Walmart, the world’s largest retailer, certain drug and alcohol use policies must be adhered to. To get a clearer picture of these basic requirements, we explore the policies and what they mean for you as a prospective or current employee.

With more than 2.3 million employees worldwide, Walmart is a massive retail chain with more than 11,348 stores at the end of January 2019.

In a retail store setting, employees handle merchandise, interact with customers while others operate machinery and equipment within the company’s warehouses. Such workplaces require high levels of competence in customer interactions and diligence to avoid accidents.

The structure of Drug Testing at Walmart

Walmart has developed a Global Statement of Ethics, which encompasses the different aspects of its ethos, including defining alcohol and drug-free workplace.

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The company prohibits all its associates from using marijuana and alcohol on its premises or being under the influence of such substances while at work.

Possession and solicitation of illegal drugs are equally not tolerated. This is to ensure that their performance and judgment are unimpaired.

Walmart uses the following situations to initiate a drug and/or alcohol test:

Pre-Employment Testing

The initial interview at Walmart does not require applicants to undergo a drug test. However, if you qualify and are offered the position, a drug test is mandatory before you are hired.

The process is applied to first-time applicants and those that are rehired.

Random Testing

Walmart routinely conducts drug tests on employees at random. This ensures that employees remain clean for the duration they are working for the company. Random tests are unpredictable and can be initiated at any time.

Employees are therefore required to remain vigilant at all times to avoid a positive test result, which may lead to termination.

Reasonable Suspicion Testing

Walmart’s policy requires employees to undergo a drug test if there is reasonable suspicion that they are using illegal substances while at work.

A supervisor or manager may initiate a drug test if an employee’s behavior or performance is at variance with the norm. There is a satisfactory belief that an illegal substance may be influencing the situation.

Post-Accident Testing

Workplace accidents are common in environments where goods are moved manually or using the equipment. At Walmart, employees are required to adhere to strict procedures for workplace safety.

If an employee causes or is involved in a work-related accident where goods or equipment are damaged, or someone is injured, a drug test is required to ascertain whether an illegal substance played a role in the incident.


A positive drug or alcohol test will lead to employee termination and withdrawal of the offer for applicants.